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VITA ANTIQUA, №7-8. 2009


The issue is dedicated to the 60th anniversary of R.V. Terpylovskyi, Doctor of History, Professor, Head of the Department of Archaeology and Museology Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv and the lead researcher of Department of Archaeology of Early Slavs Institute of Archaeology NAS of Ukraine. Articles cover a broad range of issues including historiography of archaeology and museology. Main attention focuses on introducing to the scientific use of materials of archaeological sites from the Palaeolithic Age to the end of the 1st mill. A.D.

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01. SINITSA E.V. Pit-stop (to the sixtieth birthday of Professor R.V. Terpylovsky), 9-20.

The article is dedicated to the main doings of the life and scientific path of professor, chief scientific officer, doctor of history sciences, chief of archaeology and museology department Taras Tshevchenko Kiev University and leading scientific officer of Early Slavs ’ archaeology’ in Institute of archaeology of NAS of Ukraine Rostislav V. Terpylovsky. In the article field researches, publications and speculative generalizations by professor Terpylovsky have been characterized.

02. Rostislav V. Terpylovsky’s list of printed works, 21-27.

03. PAKHARIEVA OLEKSANDRA. Relationship between Russian and French prehistorians in the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century, 28-33.

Systematic archeological studies were led in the Russian empire from 1830. It is justified by the creation ofprofessional scientific organization from I860. Among those who contributed the to our science, we can cite: the Academy of sciences, the Geographical society, the Archaeological Society in St. Petersburg as well as Moscow Archaeological Society which became the organizer of the archaeological congresses in Russia.

The development of prehistory in Russian empire was in narrow relation with Western Europe. It is therefore completely normal that in the course of the 19th century an international scientific collaboration sets up between the both countries. The exchanges among scientists were as necessary as regular. Trips abroad, work in library and in laboratory, participations in symposiums and conferences allowed France and Russia to develop narrow and lasting scientific relations in Natural sciences.

04. PIVOVAROV S.V. The Development of the Archaeological Science in the University of Chernivtsi (second half of 19th — 2004), 34-37.

In the article the stages of settling and development of archeology in the University of Chemivtsi have been analyzed. Based on the materials from archeological researches the author clarifies the university professors. And staff members, input into the issue of the region antiques research and the archeological knowledge promotion.

05. MISKO Yu.V. B.O. Tymoshchuk and the Development of the Archaeological Research in the University of Chemivtsi in the Context of Slavic-Russian Spiritual Culture Studies, 38-41.

The article is dedicated to the archeological research and scientific works by B.O. Tymoshchuk in the field of Slavic-Russian antiquities, connected with spiritual culture of the inhabitants of the Upper Prut and Middle Dnister regions in 6—13th centuries AD. The period of the scholar’s cooperation with the university of Chemivtsi in 50—80s of the 20th century is under focus.

06. PALIENKO S.V. Problem of Historical and Cultural Separation of the Upper Paleolithic of East Europe in Soviet and Postsoviet Paleolithical Science (end of the 50s of 20—beginning of 21), 42-49.

The article deals with the historiography of the problem of historical and cultural separation of the Upper Paleolithic of East Europe in Soviet and Contemporary Ukrainian and Russian Paleolithic Archaeology. In historiography of this problem are picked out in four periods: the 1st— 1920s, the 2nd — 1930— end of 1950s; the 3rd— end of 1950s— beginning of 1990s; the 4th — beginning of 1990s — nowadays. In this paper are analyzed main tendency of development of archaeological perception in the 3rd and the 4th periods.

Internal and external factors had an influence on the soluhon of the problem of historical and cultural separation of the Upper Paleolithic of East Europe. To the external factors belong social and economical development of USSR, changes of1world outlook of soviet and contemporary archaeologists. But the main factors are internal — accumulation of archaeological dates and elaboration of archaeological theory.

07. TOLOCHKO D.V. The Problem of Studying and Interpretation of Tripollian Dwellings Remains, 50-53.

The article is devoted to the Tripollian culture research, e.g. the problem of interpretation of dwellings remains. The analysis of conceptions will make it possible to understand the reasons of discussions in modem historiography. In addition, general principles which lay down the foundation of reconstructions of original form and building technology are determined.

08. ZELENKO S.M., KOBETS V.D., MOROZOVA Ya.I. Underwater Archaeology at Kiev National Taras Shevchenko University, 54-59.

The Centre was founded within the National Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv in 1991. It is a non-profit research and educational organization that focuses on nautical archaeology throughout the Black Sea region and underwater archaeology in the World.

The Centre is currently carrying out its learning and training programmes for students, as well as developing a master’s curriculum, which is a part of the general master’s course in archaeology at the Department of Archaeology and Museum Studies.

Another significant undertaking of the Centre is the Underwater Archaeology Summer Field School. The field school participants learn how to excavate underwater and how to handle, preserve and record artifacts in the field. Students learn the practical aspects of underwater archaeology by taking part in the underwater excavation of the shipwrecks.

09. RYZHOV S.N., MATVIISHINA G.N., PUDOVKINA A.S., LEVCHUK P.A. The Study Stratigraphy and Planigraphy of Malyj Rakovets IV Site in Transcarpathia, 60-71.

In given article results of research the multilayered palaeolithic site of Malyj Rakovets IV are presented.

For the first time results of studying stratigraphy of deposits are presented. In this work questions planigraphy and perspectivity of studying the site are examined.

10. GLADKYH M.I., RYZHOV S.M. Between the First and Fourth Mezhirich dwellings, 72-73.

The article is devoted to the explorations in Mezhirich on the territory between the I and IV dwellings of palaeolithic hunters for mammoth. The main finding on this territory is the tool from the mammoth cylindrical bone.

11. REKOVEC L.I., NESIN V.A. A New Site of a Prehistoric Man from the Late Paleolit at Kopachiv, Ukraine, 74-77.

A new site of a prehistoric man from Kopachiv, central Ukraine, is described. Bones of the mammoth — Mammuthus primigenius with sings of poliscing and cutting made by man were found. Some artefacts were also excavated. This site is dated on Late Paleolit (about 1300 0 years ago).

12. SHYDLOVSKYI P.S. Results of Investigations of Semenivka Upper Paleolithic Complex in 2004—2008, 78-89.

In 2004—2008 field seasons was continued the investigations of the Upper Palaeolithic site Semenivka III by the Department of Archaeology and Museology of Kyiv National University. By the previous excavations 1997—2001 was discovered the concentration of flint artifacts and fauna materials. The researches 2004—2005 were provided on a periphery part of the site. Flint artifacts consist of debitage and stone tools which include mainly burins and microliths. A fauna remains mainly belongs to mammoth.

13. PIASETSKY V.K. Neolithic Sites near Slavuta City in Maly Polissia and some General Issues of Neolithization, 90-100.

The article is about two Neolithic sites near Slavuta city, Khmelnitskiy region, which can be attributed to Volyn Neolithic culture. Of today the archeological relics found there are the most representative for all the Goryn current within Ukraine. The founds from Slavuta enabled to come to a clear conclusion about the magical ritual of the Neolithic people, connected with fishing. Some considerations are presented as per the neolithi- sation of a part of Polissia region, about the origins of Neolithic ceramics and the issues connected with stratigraphy of the antiques with mixed cultural layers.

14. PUSTOVALOV S.Zh. Catacomb Culture Pottery Classification, 101-122.

The article is dedicated to the creation of the Catacomb and Yamnaya cultures pottery based on the factual and cluster analysis. After analyzing 700 vessels 18 types have been classified. The types classified were analyzed territorially and ethnically, by the purpose of the cutlery; the criteria of separating ritual and everyday cutlery, social analysis and cross correlation of the results of ceramics classification and the typology of the burial ritual. The results of the undertaken procedures proved the continuous coexistence of the pit and catacomb inhabitants. Some features can be classified as reflection of class-segregation system.

15. DUDIN A.A. About Metal Details of the Wooden Cutlery of the Early Nomads from the South of the Eastern Europe in the Pre-Scythian Period, 123-129.

The article provides the analysis of the metal details of the wooden cutlery of the early nomads from the South of the Eastern Europe in the pre-scythian period. The metal details have been classified by three criteria: by the details and means of fastening, by their shape and by the materials they were produced from. The possibility> of semiotic status of the metal details has also been mentioned.

16. KOZAK D.N. About the Issue of Fishing in Scythian Age at Volyn, 130-134.

The article is dedicated to the scientific circulation of the Early Iron Age materials from the settlement near the village Khrinnvky on the shore of Khrinnykivske lake at Volyn. There were several dwelling houses found here as well as administrative buildings and cellar pits; quite a big collection of ceramics, bone tools and everyday utensils. Especially interesting is a complex, where the bone fishing tools come from: harpoon, clamp and knife-chisel. The settlement is estimated as of 5th— 4lh cent. BC.

17. OLGOVSKY S.Ya. Bronze Founding Workshops of Northern Black Sea Coast in Archaic Age (Modem Level of Research), 135-141.

Bronze founding complexes of Northern Black Sea Coast in Archaic Age are analyzed in this article and morphological features of Scythian and Antique Bronze founding industry are distinguished. Analyzed materials allow suggesting higher level of Scythian craft in the comparison with Antique. Barbarian craftsmen worked in Olvian workshops on rent conditions.

18. SIVOLAP M.P, GOPKALO О.V. Barrow Excavations in Upper Region of Zolotonoshka River, 142-145.

The article is dedicated to the introduction to the scientific circulation materials from the conservative excavations in Drabiv district Cherkassy region in 1990. Out of 14 barrows near Zolotonoshka village a compact group of three mounds was examined. There were four burials found, and judging by the necklace in one of them, it could be referred to Middle-Sarmathian period and dated 1st—2nd cent. AD.

19. PACHKOVA S.P To the Issue of Zarubintsi Culture Territory Formation (by Ceramic Materials), 146-154.

The ways of Zarubintsi culture territory formation is viewed in the light of spreading of similar clay cutlery. Supposedly, ceramics was one of female responsibilities and due to the marriages the traditions in ceramics were moved from one community to the other, from one region to another. Similar type glossy S-shaped pots, which were a new phenomenon on the territory of forming Zarubintsi culture, appeared more frequently in all the regions, and one-type pots concentrated in one region, and rarely in separate communities of the neighboring region.

20. TSYNDROVSKA L.O. Zarubyntsi Cremations of Didiv Shpyl Cemetery, 155-162.

The article is dedicated to the introducing to the scientific circulation the materials about the cemetery in Didiv Shpyl site (near the Buchak, Kaniv district, Cherkassy region). The cemetery was researched by the expedition led by E. V. Maksy- mov with the participation of the publication’s author in 1971—1975. Zarubyntsi culture materials of this site includes 14 cremations with the inventary, several cremations without the inventory and a gravestone. Judging by the founded fibulas, pottery bowl and by the pottery typology they can be dated 1st cent. BC—1st cent. AD.

21. ABASHINA N.S., PETRAUSKAS О.V, PETRAUSKAS A.V. Late Roman Period Site Obuhov-3 Research in 2007—2008, 163-172.

The article is dedicated to the excavation results of the Kiev culture Obuhov-3 settlement (Kiev region). In 2007—2008 there were three storage-pits researched there, and earlier the remains of three hearths, a destroyed building and a storage- pit. Based on the find of a bronze belt-head and a diamondshaped plate, an iron fibula and the peculiarities of the ceramic complex the objects have been dated between the first half and the middle of 3rd cent. AD. A number of objects have North- Western origin and indicate the connection of the local inhabitants to the Przeworsk culture.

22. OBLOMSKY A.M. Late Roman Time Materials of Ksizovo-17 Settlement Zadonsk District Lypetsk Region, 173-196.

A multi-layer settlement researched in 2003—2007 by the Early-Slavic expedition of the Institute of Archeology of Russian Academy of Science led by the author is situated in Ostrava Luka region of the river Don near Zadonsk city Lypetsk region. The objects of the Late Roman period are located in three areas. A series of individual findings, pottery and molded ceramics enable to date this horizon as the second half 3rd—early 4th cent. AD. The cultural group like Kashirka—Sedelki, to which Ksizovo-17 settlement belongs to, is the closest to the monuments of Kiev tradition in Chemiahov archeological community.

23. MAGOMEDOV В.V., DIDENKO S.V. Researches of Cherniahov Culture Sites in Legedzyne (Cherkassy Region), 197-200.

In 2008 the authors started excavations of a new Chemyakhov culture burial-ground in Legedzvne (Cherkassy region). There were seven cremations and two inhumations found. There were ceramic pottery, iron comb, fibulas, clasps, pieces of glass cups etc. The burial-ground could be dated over the range of 4,h cent. AD. On a settlement near the burial-ground were two darts found.

24. PETRAUSKAS O.V., SHISHKIN R.G. Some Research Results of the Settlement of Cherniahov Culture in Velyka Bugaevka-1, 201-226.

The article introduces into the scientific circulation a series of materials received during the excavations of a burial ground and a settlement Velyka Bugaevka (Vasilkov district, Kyiv region) during the expedition in 1994—2005 led by the authors. On the solid area of7000 m2 there were found 168 burials and 6 objects of a settlement type. All four dwelling places were semi-dugouts, three of them had wattle and daub furnaces. The founds from the closed complexes and the cultural layer enable to date the settlement 4th —first half 5th cent. AD. Obviously, life of this Chemiahov culture settlements did not seize after the arrival of the Huns in South-Eastern Europe.

25. BASHKATOV Yu.Yu. To the Issue of Slavic Dwellings Origins in Middle Dnieper Region (by the Materials of 1st—5th cent. AD), 227-235.

The article in an attempt to view a dwelling place as an independent archeological source. By the materials of 1st—5th cent. AD (Late Zarubintsi sites, Kyiv and Chemiahov cultures) one can come to a conclusion that the main type of a dwelling place for Pra-Slavs in Middle Dnieper region was a log house, resembling a square form, going 0,1—0,3 m deep into the ground. A wattle and daub hearth served as a heating construction, sometimes a wattle and daub furnace. The continuation in local building traditions is recorded in the earliest monuments ofPenkivka and Kolochyn cultures.

26. SKIBA A.V. Geography and Conditions of Ethnical Neighboring Between the Slavs and Nomadic Tribes in South-Eastern Europe in 6th—7th cent. AD, 236-249.

Inhabiting of the forest-steppe and the steppe frontier in South-Eastern Europe by the Slavs predetermined the direct neighborhood ofthe Slavs and nomadic tribes. The contact zone between them in 6’h—Th cent. AD is being determined within the steppe frontier between the South Bug and the Severskiy Donets. The arrangement of the Slavic and nomadic sites at the left bank of the Dnieper indicate the interpenetration of both of the ethnic groups. Written and archeological sources enable to track the inter-ethnical contacts on the various demographic levels within the contact area.

27. SINITSA E.V. Complex of building 6 from Kaniv Settlement (Excavations of 2006), 250-260.

The article introduces into the scientific circulation a complex of building б from Kanev settlement. This building apply to late stage of Rajky culture and dated as ending 9th —first half of 10″‘ cent. AD. The columnar construction of building 6 is ordinary for buildings of Rajky culture, but not for timber buildings ofKaniv settlement. Interior arrangement of building б has a good safety. Some details of interior have analogies in synchronous antiquities, but hearth and sleeping berth assemblies are unique for East-Sla\’ic materials.

28. KOLODA V.V., GORBANENKO S.A. Saltiv Culture Farming (by the Mohnach Hillfort Materials), 261-280.

This article introduces to the scientific world some new data, which characterizes farming of the representatives of the Saltiv culture. To this effect every piece of material, which can clarify the studied issue, has been analyzed. Besides a merely publication aim, the article has also displayed a further interpretation of the studied material.

29. KEPIN D.V. «Archaeoparks» in the Ukraine: Tendentions of Development, 281-285.

The article deals with methodological aspects of using the archeological monuments of Stone Age as well as Eneolithic—Bronze Ages (complexes and seperate objects) in effort to create a museum exposition.

The typology of «archeoparks» in situ with the objects of exhibit in situ; without the objects of exhibit; «imagionable» museums («archeodroms» — «experimental settlements») is proposed. The author considered the structure of «archeoparks» in situ in the context of a «zones of protection of the archeological monument».

30. SAMOILENKO L.G. Real Issues of the Legal Status of University Museums in the Context of the Ukrainian Intellectual Development and the Formation of the State, 286-292.

The author probes the modem state of museums, -which function in higher educational establishments under the management of the Department of Education and Science of Ukraine. She analyses their role in the scientific and pedagogical processes, determines reasons of the certain failings in the organization of their work, and offers concrete measures for solving these problems.

31. STANITSYNA G.A. Unpublished Works by V.V. Lapin in Scientific Archives of Institute of Archaeology of NAS of Ukraine, 293-296.

Scientific archives of Institute of archaeology of NAS of Ukraine keep a personal fond by Vladimir Vasiljevich Lapin, teacher of archaeology and museology department Taras Shevchenko Kiev University, well-known archaeologist-helle- nist, museologist and educational specialist. Inter other archive materials is manuscript of monograph «Berezan and the problems ofNothen-Blacksea region antique civilization genesis».

32. LAPIN V.V. About Protection of Monuments of an Antiquity (1981), 297-298.

Scientific Archive of Institute of Archaeology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, fund 24, #20, sheets 4, 5.