VITA ANTIQUA ISSN: 2522-9419 (Online), ISSN: 2519-4542 (Print)

VITA ANTIQUA 9, 2017, HUMAN & LANDSCAPE: Prehistoric Archaeology of Eastern Europe, 38-43
Geographical Approach in Prehistoric Archaeology at the turn of the 20th – 21st Centuries
Smyntyna O.V.¹
¹- Department of Archaeology and Ethnology of Ukraine, Faculty of History of Odesa National I.I. Mechnikov University, Odesa

ABSTRACT

Attention to spatial and geographic frameworks of paleohistorical reconstructions became one of the most significant trends of European science at the last third of the 20th century. This time is marked by the origin of series of archaeological branches, and the most widespread among which are landscape archaeology, geoarchaeology, and environmental archaeology. In frames of each of them developing the unique set of concept, research methods and theoretical backgrounds for interpretation of human-environment relationships basing on the archaeological excavations data. Most broadly shared at that time are adaptation theory and connected with it concept of environmental stress and natural and ecological challenges theory. Accumulated fundamental empirical database and series of successful case studies allowed revision of methodological base for the conceptualization of nature and society interaction. Recent emphasis in this context is connected with the application of theories of sustainable development and environmental resilience, as well as niche construction theory. Moreover, during the past years, can be observed an actualization of concepts connected with the conceptualization of spatial frames of nature and society interaction and modelling of feedforwards and feedbacks in the ‘nature – ancient population’ system on the level of Anthropocene – geographic zone – landscape – microregion – niche – particular settlement.

Key words: Prehistoric Archaeology, Eastern Europe, Geographical approach

Language: Ukrainian

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UDK: [903:504.54](091)

DOI

 

VITA ANTIQUA,     ISSN 2522-9419 (Online), 2519-4542 (Print)

Center for Paleoethnological Research
Archaeology of the Alpine Space. Research on the foothills, valley systems and high mountain landscapes of the Alps
Albert Hafner, Mirco Brunner, Julian Laabs¹
¹Department of Prehistoric Archaeology, Institute of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bern, Switzerland

VITA ANTIQUA 9, 2017, HUMAN & LANDSCAPE: Prehistoric Archaeology of Eastern Europe, 16-37

ABSTRACT

This paper presents examples of landscape archaeological research within an Alpine context. The landscapes around and within the European Alps are highly diversified. The most significant differences lie in the altitudes, which range between 400 and over 3000 m.a.s.l. Main topographic features are hilly pre-Alpine areas, broad inner-Alpine valleys reaching far into the Alps and high-Alpine zones above the treeline. Our examples span from wetland-related pile dwellings on lakes and bogs from the pre-alpine areas, graves and settlements on inner-Alpine hilltops and river terraces to high-Alpine passes and campsites. Archaeological evidence shows that settlement activities began to occur in all regions presented from the early 5th millennium BC onwards. Palaeoecological evidence from the pre-Alpine areas could even push this timeline back to the mid-6th millennium BC. We can assume a high degree of mobility between all these regions. Whilst lake and bog settlements have been known for a long time and have been studied in detail, researchers only began to focus on high-Alpine areas two decades ago. The Alps and their surrounding pre-Alpine landscapes are a fascinating area of archaeological research especially in terms of the period of the first farmers. Whilst we are constantly gaining a better understanding of how early agrarian societies managed to penetrate from different pre-Alpine lowland areas to the zones above the treeline, we are still far from being able to paint a clear picture. The long-term evolution of human settlement activities turned the pre-Alpine regions and parts of the large inner-Alpine valleys from pristine landscapes into urban spaces with small inner-Alpine valleys and areas above the treeline developing highly sustainable land-use activities that have left their mark on the cultural landscapes of the Alps.

Key words: Landscape Archaeology, Alpine space, Neolithic, Bronze age, pile dwellings

Language: English

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UDK: [902:504.54](234.3)
DOI

COVER-VA-226x300This volume of scientific works dedicated to contemporary researches of the issues of environment – prehistoric societies interaction in Europe. The publication includes materials that demonstrate the interdisciplinary approach to the study of prehistoric sites. ...continue reading "HUMAN & LANDSCAPE: Prehistoric Archaeology of Eastern Europe. – VITA ANTIQUA, #9. Collection of scientific works. – Kyiv : 2017."

1-381755ace3Dear Colleagues,
Welcome to Ukraine, welcome to Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, to the
international conference “Wetland Archaeology and Prehistoric Networks in Europe” that
will be held in Kyiv and Kaniv from the 15th to the 18th of September 2017. This conference
is the final event of the Institutional ...continue reading "Wetland Archaeology and Prehistoric Networks in Europe / NEENAWA International Scientific Conference, September 15th-18th, 2017"

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This volume presents the abstracts prepared for the international conference "Human and landscape", dedicated to contemporary researches of environment - prehistoric societies interaction in Europe. The publication includes materials that demonstrate the interdisciplinary approach to the study of prehistoryc sites. The proposed collection will be useful for anyone interested in prehistory ...continue reading "Conference of “Human and landscape”"

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This volume of scientific works dedicated to contemporary researches of the issues of environment – prehistoric societies interaction in Europe. The publication includes materials that demonstrate the interdisciplinary approach to the study of prehistoric sites. The proposed collection will be useful for anyone interested in prehistory, archaeology and geography of Europe – for archaeologists, geographers, biologists, historians, ethnographers ...continue reading "Prehistoric Archaeology of Eastern Europe. – VITA ANTIQUA, №9."

001normThe culture of Kyiv’s Rus occupies one of the most important places in the treasure-house of world culture. The history of its formation reflects the history of Old Rus State and especially the role of international relations of Eastern Slavs with the other regions during the Middle Ages. During 11th- 13th centuries the Old Rus had tremendous influence upon the East, the countries of the Northern and Western Europe and Byzantium. The influence upon these countries differed greatly depending ...continue reading "The Northmen and Slavs in the Desna river area"

coverOn the base of using of the archaeological sources, this book proposes the attempt of the reconstruction of cultural and historical processes, which were going in prehistoric times on the territory of Lower Desna region. This work clearly concerns two main vectors, in the frames of which the investigation held.
First one connected with direct studying of culture development of the prehistory Lower Desna region
population on the background of environmental changing, with the using the methods of natural sciences. ...continue reading "A book “Prehistoric Archaeology of the Lower Desna Region.”"

cover

The current Collection of scientific papers is dedicated to the anniversary of the distinguished Ukrainian archaeologist, scholar and expert in Byzantine history Olena Olexandrivna Parshyna. The book consists of the papers presented at the 13th European Archaeological Association congress, in the session "Ten centuries of Byzantine trade", which was organized in the frames of the congress, and research articles covered a number of principal issues ...continue reading "TEN CENTURIES OF BYZANTINE TRADE (the 5th – 15th centuries). BIBLIOTHECA VITA ANTIQUA. COLLECTION OF SCIENTIFIC PAPERS, KYIV, 2012, 216 p."