VITA ANTIQUA ISSN: 2522-9419 (Online), ISSN: 2519-4542 (Print)

VITA ANTIQUA 9, 2017, HUMAN & LANDSCAPE: Prehistoric Archaeology of Eastern Europe, 232-250
Paleopedological Studies of Bukivna Cemetery
Matviishyna Zh.M.¹, Lysenko S.D.², Parhomenko O.G
¹ Department of Paleogeography, Institute of Geography NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv
² Department of the Archaeology of Chalcolithic – Bronze Age, Institute of Archaeology NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv
³ Department of Geography, Taras Shevchenko Chernihiv National pedagogical University, Chernihiv

ABSTRACT

Burial mound cemetery in Bukivna is one of the basic sites of Komarov culture of the Tszciniec cultural circle. It locates on the high right bank of the Dniester River to the west and south from the village Bukivna, Tlymatsky district of Ivano-Frankivsk region. In the 30th years of the XIX century there were excavated 13 kurgans. The work was resumed in 2010-2013. In group №1 three kurgans were excavated and in group №2 one more was explored. Kurgan №1 from group №2 is the earliest among the studied. This mound might be dated by ending of the 3rd and beginning of the 2nd millennium BC for its ceramic complex and arrowhead. It is also synchronized with the group of post-catacomb cultures. Kurgans of group №1 for ceramic complex and non-ferrous metal products can be attributed to the early stage of Komarov culture and dated within the second quarter of the 2nd millennium BC. All kurgans are erected over the slight natural height that visually increases their size. The main part of the kurgans is composed of chunks of sod from the surface of the ancient soil. Rocked siltstone mass from subsoil blocks the top of this mound. Soils, on which the mounds were built, are identified as podzolic soils that develop under meadow vegetation in a warm-temperate climate with sufficient rainfall. In the Bronze Age, the natural areas in the Carpathian region were clearly shifted to the north, dominated by open spaces with lots beech and hornbeam forests.

Key words: Paleopedology, Bukivna Cemetery, Bronze Age, Komarov Culture, Eastern Europe

Language: Ukrainian

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