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VITA ANTIQUA, 11 (2019)                                                                       ISSN 2522-9419 (Online), 2519-4542 (Print)
Center for Paleoethnological Research

VITA ANTIQUA 11, 2019, Archaeology, Museum & Monument Studies: educational and research aspects
Living Museums of Prehistoric times in Ukraine (statement of a question), 185-189

Chymyrys Marharyta V.1, Olenych Andrii M.2 
1 Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
2 Institute of Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

DOI: 10.37098/VA-2019-11-185-189
УДК: 069.5(477)”632/634”


The task of any science is to disseminate scientific knowledge in society. Archeology aims to cover various aspects of the material culture of the past in various ways. In this direction, it interacts closely with museum and educational institutions (museums, schools, festivals), interacting with other applied sciences. The task of which is to maximize the spread of scientific knowledge in society. Here are very relevant forms of filing: various institutions (open-air museums, highly specialized museums), complexes (museum complexes), and exhibitions (temporary). The museum is a traditional and effective platform for these tasks.

However, in recent centuries, the requirements for the museum have changed significantly. Traditionally, it was considered as a place of storage, provided for the availability of funds, storage facilities, restoration offices, etc. Exposure work is only an important component here. The challenges facing contemporary museums give rise to their other forms, the so-called living museums. The first living museum (Skansen Museum) was created in Sweden in the late 19th century. In fact, this museum, which was focused on the presentation of samples of folk architecture and gave impetus to the emergence of such institutions.

In Ukraine, the term “museum-scansen”, “living museum”, “open-air museum” is widely used to refer to such museums. However, these concepts functionally denote the same variety of museums, or in general the widest possible range of museum museums. It should be noted that such museums can still be distributed on a number of grounds.

One such feature is the distribution of museums over the periods they present, and this raises the big question: “Are there any museums that are aimed only at Stone Age and is it even possible and rational?”

Key words: open-air museum, Living museum, scansen, Stone Age.

Language: Ukrainian


Cite as:
Olenych, A.M, Chymyrys, M.V. 2019. Living Museums of Prehistoric times in Ukraine (statement of a question) (Zhyvi muzei pervisnoi doby v Ukraini (postanovka pytannia)). VITA ANTIQUA 11. Archaeology, Museum & Monument Studies: educational and research aspects, p. 180-184 (in Ukrainian).

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