The Ukrainian Museum. The collection of scientific articles (2003). Kyiv. (Vita Antiqua Library). – 222 p.

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01.LinyovaEA., Omelchenko Yu.A. G.G. Mezentseva: archaeologist, museum expert, and educator, 9-18 Proposed article portrays professor Galina Mezentseva' activity and expierence as archaeologist, museum expert and educator.

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Proposed article portrays professor Galina Mezentseva’ activity and expierence as archaeologist, museum expert and educator.

FROM HISTORY OF MUSEOLOGY

02.Prelovska I.M. Some circumstances of foundation of the state reservation of «Kievian Sophia» in 1930th, 20-27

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Proposed paper is devoted to the elucidation of circumstances of ejection of Starokievska religious community of Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (UAOC) (1919-1934) from the Big Temple of Kievian Sophia’. Investigation is based on the analysis of archive documents concerning the history of foundation of the state reservation of «Kievian Sophia» in 1934. On the basis of wide and various sources author analyzes the process of organization of Sophia branch of so-called «All-Ukrainian Anti-religious town» on the territory of Kyiv Cave monastery. Memoirs of Ivan Skulenko (1901-1990), the first director of state reservation «Kievian Sophia» between 1934 and 1937, are involved in proposed paper.

03.Strelnik M.O. Historical experience of the exposition building of the National Museum of the History of Ukraine (on the materials of the section «Eastern Slavs and the state of Kyiv Rus»), 28-36

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The National Museum of the History of Ukraine is the real treasury of the most valuable national, historical, cultural and artistic heritage of the nation. Archaeological collection, afforded the base for the foundation of the Museum, consists of ca. 360000 items. More than 3000 of them are exhibited in frames of permanent exposition of the section of «Eastern Slavs and the Kyivska Rus». Author analyses the historical experience of exposition and exhibition creations on the materials of this section.

04.Kurilo O.Yu. Contribution of scientific societies and committees into formation of museums and their archaeological collections in Ukraine, 37-43

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The role of scientific societies and committees, and other associations of creative intellectuals in the process of formation of museums and accumulation of archaeological collections is demonstrated in proposed paper.

05.Kostenko I.P. Y.P. Vasylkivsky museum of rare book, 44-46

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Paper provides information on historical experience of Y.P. Vasylkivsky museum of rare book of Nizhyn Pedagogical University.

06.Taran O.G. Scientific and practical activity of Th. Vovk in the field of Ukrainian anthropology

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Article outlines the directions and results of scientific-practical activity of Th. Vovk in the field of Ukrainian anthropology. Anthropological expeditions organized all over Ukraine and enlisted cooperation with young scientists provide Th. Vovk with valuable anthropometric data formed the foundations of his views on anthropological structure of Ukrainians.

07.Radievska T.N. The role of Th. Vovk in rise of Ukrainian Palaeolithic studies and his heritage in collections of the National Museum of the History of Ukraine, 53-58

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Paper includes essay of life and scientific activity of Th. Vovk, prominent Ukrainian archaeologist, anthropologist, and ethnographist. He was a true founder of Paleolithic studies in Ukraine. Th. Vovk was the first, who put into practice a modern methodology of field archaeological investigations in Ukraine. Materials of the famous site of Mizyn, hold in the National Museum of the History of Ukraine are analyzed in this paper.

08.Kushnir V.K. The Academician Volodymyr G. Shaposhnikov, 59-62

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New materials on biography and scientific activity of V.G. Shaposhnikov, currently stored in Polytechnic Museum, are analyzed and published.

ATTRIBUTION AND INTERPRETATION

09.Nikitenko M.M. New methodology of attribution and classification of the burials of Pit-grave (Yamna) culture, 64-67

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The proposed methodology of study of Pit-grave (Yamna) culture burials enables approaching practically to all bounded problems in a new way, e.g. to divide neatly the burials in accordance with their funeral rites, and to mark out the third group of burials. This latter is characterized by position of dead on a back, with stretched hands and bended knees, and legs not raised, but stacked sideways.

10.Pioro V.I. Bronze bangle of Catacomb culture from Educational Archaeological Museum of the Department of Archaeology and Museology of Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University, 68-75

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Paper deals with publication of bronze bangle and other related materials recovered in Catacomb barrow in Dnipropetrovs’k region of Ukraine. Analysis of ornamentation on the bangle allows to conclude about close contacts between bearers of Donetsk Catacomb culture and inhabitants of Northern Caucasus.

11.Petruk V.I. The great sacred boiler of king Ariant, 76-86

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Conducted research reconfirms the reality of existence of the great sacred boiler of king Ariant, described by Herodotos (IV, 81). The doubts and reproaches in his address in this occasion are denied. On the basis of new approaches to definition of parameters of pantoscythian monument, inverse problem of “population census” obtains certain solution. Possible parameters of the great boiler are as following: diameter 2 m 33 cm, height lm 74 cm, weight 2,8 tons, width of walls 1,4 cm, width of upper rim (border) 6 dactyl (11,6 cm), capacity 5,4 tons. Capacity of amphora used for pouring of consecrated wine is ca. 9 liters. Average weight of arrowhead is 4,7 gram. Correspondingly, the maximal quantity of population of Great Scythia is about 1,6 million. Number of warriors might be estimated at the range ca. 315 thousands; while number of warrior-nomads is ca. 100-160 thousands. Technology of manufacture of boiler with diameter hardly more than 2 m not differ from technology of producing of widely known boilers with diameter about 1 m and provides no technical problems.

12.Pioro I.S., Farbey A.M. On the question of attribution and sacred meaning of Christian symbols on the cornelian gems from the Eastern Crimea, 87-113

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The article is devoted to the analysis of some archaeological finds and historical sources, concerned the process of spread of Early Christianity into the Crimea. The semantics of Early Christian images on cornelian gems from Novo-Otradnoye, Kitey, and Tepsen is investigated and interpreted.

13.Strokova L.V. Marble mortar of V-VI centuries A.D. from Kertch, 114-116

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Recovered in Kertch and stored in the National Museum of the History of Ukraine, marble mortar of V-VI centuries A.D. is published and interpreted in proposed paper. Marble bowls or mortars were widely utilized in household for drying, kneading, and pounding various foodstuffs used in daily preparation of food. Smaller marble vessels, often more carefully made, were used for mixing pigments and unguents for women cosmetics, as well as for crushing medicinal ingredients and for mixing pigments used in painting. Similar bowls, frequently decorated with incised crosses or devotional inscriptions, were also used in the Early Christian period for ecclesiastical purposes.

14.Bezkorovayna Yu.G. Big buckles of Vllth century from the Crimea (S.M. Platonov’ collection), 117-124

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Paper presents Goth materials from the S.M. Platonov’s collection, stored in the National Museum of the History of Ukraine.

15.Nikitenko Mar.M. To the history of origins and formation of cave complex in Kyiv Lavra, 125-131

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Cave complex of Kyiv Lavra was formed gradually. As community of monks increased, new caves were constructed far and far from the entrance. Therefore, the underground constructions located nearby the entrance, might be considered as the most ancient. Some of these constructions, namely crypts, are analogous to coffins of well-known Palestine sacral complexes. Cave crypts of Kyiv Lavra were perceived as «Coffin of God», were ascetic died for the outer world.

16.Klimovski S.I. Constructional ceramics of Assumption and St. Sophia cathedrals in Kiev, 132-140

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Constructional ceramics (golosniks) from Kiev cathedrals of St. Sophia and Assumption are compared and investigated. Analysis witness the organization of stone construction in Kiev was changed in course of XI century. Recently discovered signs on golosniks from St. Sophia cathedral represent particular interest. These signs

ascertain the survival of pagan customs among Kiev’s potters till the beginning of XI century. Worthy to stress that part of such signed golosniks were installed into arches of St. Sophia cathedral.

17.Margolina I.E. The History of iconstands of St. Cyril’s church in Kyiv, 141-146

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The unique monument of architecture and monumental a rt St. Cyril’s church in Kyiv was built in the first part of the 12th century. During the nine centuries not less then 3 main iconstands have been changed in the temple. These are the ancient templon of the 12th century, the wooden fivetiered iconstand of the 17th century and the marble iconstand of the 19th century. The research of the iconstand of St. Cyril’s church gives one of the most interesting sides of monument’s history.

18.Arustam’yan Z.G. For the question of attribute the fragment of bronze bell from collection of the National Conservation Area "St. Sophia" , 147-152

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The article is dedicated to the publication and analysis of the inscription on the fragment of bronze bell. It was unexpected found in June of 1988 during remount and restoration works near the west façade of Sophia’s bell tower in Kyiv. Being compared with the information of written sources makes it possible to consider this fragment the work of well-known Kyiv craftsmen Ivan Korobkin. He had made this bell in 1781 especially to the order of the Kyiv metropolitan Gabriel. During the campaign of utilisation of bronze bells in Ukraine in the 30ies years of the last century almost the whole collection of Sophia’s bells was destroyed. Korobkin’s bell was broken and only one part of them had been fall into the earth.

19.Ivanissko S.I. Sources for study of anthropological materials from the sarcophagus of Yaroslav the Wise from St. Sophia Cathedral, 153-169

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Proposed paper contains reviw of documents concerning the studies of anthropological materials from the sarcophagus of prince Yaroslav the Wise (1019–1054).

20.Amelina L.O. Art of exlibris. The question of attribution of works, 168-174

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Exlibris (book-plates) as the work of art is the topic of this article. It deals with study of collection of West European exlibris dated between 16th and beginning of 20th century and stored in the National Art Museum of Ukraine. There are book-plates by famous artists B. Picart, H. Boetius, A. Hildebrandt, H. Baluschek, B. Pankok, M. Swabinsky, M. Ade, W. Geiger, and J. Sattler. Exhibition of the best exlibris from this collection in April-May 2002 was important event for all interested in art of exlibris.

MUSEOLOGY AND CULTUROLOGY

21.Nikitenko N.M. St. Sophia Cathedral as image of New Jerusalem, 176-182

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The monumental complex of St. Sophia Cathedral is a figurative personification of an idea of Christian Rus’ as the Kingdom of God – New Jerusalem, which destiny is included into the history as a sacral act of public christening by the prince Volodymyr.

22.Myronenko M.O. Simargle origin (historiographical problematics), 183-186

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Paper deals with the history of rise and evolution of image of deity named Simargle in paganism of Eastern Slavs. Author attempts to argue the development of idea of this deity in the pantheon of Prince Volodymyr and suggests Iranian origins of Smiragle, that supported by historiographical sources.

23.Bondarets O.V. The Being of the Thing as a Fenomenon of the Medival Culture, 187-190

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Some aspects of existing of a thing in the context of culture are investigated in proposed article. Special attention is concentrated on peculiarities of its being in the context of Medieval culture. The idea stressed that analysis of actual being of thing should precede the studying of museum exhibits, which are characterized, first of all, by their potential content.

24.Pisarenko Yu.G. Plyushkin: Plutos and Self-identification of a Man through the Outer World, 191-196

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Parallels between Plyushkin, the character of N. Gogol’s «Dead souls», and ancient Greek god Plutos are investigated and examined in their connection with archaic type of world outlook.

MUSEUM PEDAGOGICS

25.Kharchenko O.V. Child in museum space: the aspects of aesthetic and art education in museums of fine art, 198-206

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Paper deals with problem of children education in museums of fine art.

INNOVATIONS

26.Bilotska L.A., Anpilogov P.I. An application of digital technologies in course of accounting of graphic creations, 208-209

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Digital technique of accounting of graphic creations was developed and demostrates evident economical and convenient effects in routine restorer work.

27.Cherniavska E.V., Anpilogov P.I., Ivanyssko S.I. An application of computer machinery for the automation of process of revising of museum collections, 210-215

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Application of automated process of revising of museum collections calls by need in thorough control on their condition. Original method of computer revising was developed and allows easily operate with the whole complex of museum collections organized as database.

28.Lebedinski V.V. Underwater archaeology: problems, results and prospects, 216-219

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One of the most important branches of archaeology – underwater archaeology – was met with great interest by the scientific and research community at the VIII Conference of the EAA (2002) in Thessaloniki. Interest was naturally peaked by the unique nature of underwater artifacts and sites, which are indispensable for building a holistic view of historic and prehistoric activities associated in and near the marine environment. Likewise, the successful results of recent marine archaeology investigations have highlighted the importance of this branch of archaeological research. Currently, underwater and coastal marine archaeological explorations are being conducted in nearly every European country. Many of these explorations have ushered in new technical methodologies, or are facilitating the development of new underwater data collection and recordation procedures. Many of these techniques, and the depositional environments, in which the cultural resources are detected, are unique to marine archaeology. Wide discussion of the problems connected with underwater archaeological investigations and the exchange of professional experience is necessary for improvement in the methods and practice of underwater archaeological research. It is necessary to gather, analyze and summarize the whole experience that has been accumulated during underwater archaeological research in different geographic areas. Data sharing at this level will greatly help to further the development of underwater archaeology.